Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman. A multiple pregnancy involves more than one offspring, such as with twins. Pregnancy can occur through sexual intercourse or assisted reproductive technology. Childbirth typically occurs around 40 weeks from the last menstrual period (LMP). This is just over nine months, where each month averages 31 days. When measured from fertilization it is about 38 weeks. An embryo is the developing offspring during the first eight weeks following fertilization, after which, the term fetus is used until birth. Symptoms of early pregnancy may include missed periods, tender breasts, nausea and vomiting, hunger, and frequent urination. Pregnancy may be confirmed with a pregnancy test.
During the prenatal examination, your medical history will be taken. If you have had a baby before or are registered in a hospital, then they should have most of your history on file. If you are using a new hospital then you may need to ask for a referral or transfer of your case file to the new hospital. So, who do you see? A Gynecologist is a doctor whose area of specialization involves women’s reproductive health while an Obstetrician specializes in natal care, childbirth and antenatal care for mothers.
Some pregnancies are termed high-risk because of the increased chances of complications they may have over normal pregnancies. Many times, pregnancies which are termed high-risk go on normally and birth perfectly normal children. Your Gynaecologist should offer guidance and advice if you or your pregnancy is at risk. During the check, a number of factors will be assessed.
- Medical History
- BMI: Pre-pregnancy And Pregnancy Weight
- Genotype & Genetics
- Tests and Vaccinations